popular itineraries

Santuary Retreats

08/03 - 09/23

Enjoy extra on your safari getaway with Sanctuary Retreats' extended stay offer valid for 2018 and 2019, when you stay at one or more of Santuary's newly renovated properties:

  • Stay 4-6 nights & save up to 30%

  • Stay 7+ nights & save up to 40%

From:

$3,550 - 4k

SANTUARY RET

08/03 - 09/23

The Bwindi Impenetrable Forest in southwest Uganda is home to just over half the world’s last surviving mountain gorillas as well as our very own Sanctuary Gorilla Forest Camp. Comprising of just eight tents, it is one of the most remote and atmospheric camps in Africa.​

From:

$4,399 - 5k

&BEYOUND

08/03 - 09/23

Game drives on Crater floor; walks within the lodge grounds; crater floor banquets; day trips to Olduvai Gorge and Shifting Sands; walking safaris
Black rhino, magnificently tusked elephants, flamingos, hyena, lion ETC.

From:

$3,499- 4K

&BEYOUND

08/03 - 09/23

Tanzania beach & safari holiday – Deluxe rate. | 10 Days | Dar es Salaam, Selous, Zanzibar

From:

$9,980

&BEYOUND

08/03 - 09/23

The Best of South Africa Experience the dazzling beauty of Cape Town and the lush winelands, and a sublime safari experience in the Kruger National Park
10 Days, 9 Nights | From ZAR  | Cape Town, Cape Winelands, Kruger National Park

From:

$4,399

BABYLONSTOREN

08/03 - 09/23

Stay 4 Pay 3

  • Available 1 May to 31 August

  • Excluding groups of 6 and more rooms

A special group rate will be negotiated based on availability and length of stay

  • Not applicable to exclusive run-of-house bookings

From:

$1,499 - 2k

Vintage African Travel Postcards

The Grevy's zebra (Equus grevyi), one of Africa's most endangered large mammals, has undergone a dramatic decline. Once occurring throughout large tracts of the Horn of Africa, the Grevy's zebra's range is now reduced to Kenya and Ethiopa. Over the past 30 years, the population has crashed from 15,000 to 2,500 with over 90% found in northern Kenya. Current threats to Grevy's zebra include loss of habitat, competition for resources with domestic livestock, poaching for meat and medicinal purposes, disease and drought.

With the support of the Saint Louis Zoo and others, the Grevy's Zebra Trust (GZT) was registered as an independent charitable wildlife conservation Trust based in Kenya in early 2007. Its mission is to conserve the endangered Grevy's zebra and its fragile habitat in partnership with communities. It operates in the Samburu and Marsabit Districts of Northern Kenya and provides technical support to Grevy's zebra conservation in Ethiopa.

ZEBRA

The ban, and ivory smuggling. According to the American hunter Craig Boddington, elephant hunting was made illegal in Kenya in 1973 and all animal hunting without a permit in 1977. By the late 1970s, the elephant population was estimated around275,000, dropping to 20,000 in 1989. Many Aardvark Safaris’ clients passing through Nairobi will visit the elephant orphanage founded by David’s widow Daphne. The orphanage, whose aim is to release elephants back into the wild, is just one of the projects run by the trust and supports anti-poaching units, mobile vets, habitat rescue, conservation initiatives and community outreach. If you foster an elephant (approximately $50) you can visit by appointment at 5 pm when the elephants return to the stockades for the night.

ELEPHANT

Humans are pushing the mountain gorillas out of the wild and into extinction.

Fewer than 1,000 of these great apes remain in the wild. Even though the population is increasing the overall decline in eastern gorillas is averaging at 5 percent per year. The Grauer’s gorilla population was previously estimated around 16,900 and dropped 77 percent to only 3,800. If this continues unabated, 93 percent of the eastern gorillas will be gone by 2054. For mountain gorillas, the biggest threats come from political instability, human encroachment, and forest degradation. Their sanctuary in Virunga National Park is fertile and rich in biodiversity making it one of the most populated regions in Africa. The Ellen Degeneres Wildlife Fund together with the Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund, in Rwanda along with local conservations are making strides to stop gorillas from extinction. "The first initiative of the Ellen DeGeneres Wildlife Fund is to help build a permanent home for Dian Fossey's organization, the Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund, in Rwanda.  This campus will inspire and educate local communities and tourists, engage scientific and conservation trailblazers to share knowledge  and provide a training ground for a new wave of African scientists committed to conservation."

 

 

GORILLA

The South African giraffe or Cape giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis giraffa) is a subspecies of giraffe ranging fromSouth Africa, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique. It has rounded or blotched spots, some with star-like extensions on a light tan background, running down to the hooves. Historical distribution has been fragmented through hunting, farming and disease (rinder-pest). However, today conserved populations are thriving and have been widely reintroduced to private ranches and game reserves.

GIRAFFE

african treats

Egg Sfinz, Libya

Sfinz is usually served for Friday breakfasts. Sfinz is a spongy fried bread that can be made plain and eaten with sweet toppings like date molasses and honey, or else fried with an egg.

Chakery (Thiakry), Gambia & Senegal

Traditional Thiakry is made with a millet, couscous with farmented milk and sugr. It is creamy, rich and amazingly delicious with a nice crunchy taste.

Strawberry-Dessert Tangier, Morocco

Try the Restaurant, Le Saveur De Poisson as seen on Anthony  Bourdain's show,Parts Unknown .​Fresh strawberries, raspberries, and pine nuts drizzled with honey.  

Apple with Rambutan Cream, Zanzibar

Zanzibar apples served with Rambutan cream. Rambutan is an exotic fruit originating from Southeast Asia and then cultivated in other parts of the world.

Amarula Malva Pudding

A rich buttery syrup laden cake with an added saffa ingredient, Amarula.

Coconut Tart, Seychelles

Coconut tarts are popular, Seychelles being the coconut producer Island in Africa.

wellness (project coming soon)

Shades

of Gray

The Art of

Dress

Sand

Dunes

Body

Movement

Desert

Life

Color Me
Pink

marché Africa - souvenirs or Retail Therapy!

African Beads

Beads were  an for an acceptable currency form to exchange on African soil.. Many African Cultures use them for luxurious and unusual adornment. The classic traditions of African Adornment were finely crafted of gold, iron, ivory, and bone and other organic materials.

African Mask
African masks are the most popular pieces of African art.
They are also considered to be among the finest pieces in the world of art and are usually highly sought after. They are usually carved out of wood, although some are made of cloth and other materials. 
African Arts Paintings

African art paintings splendidly capture the surrounding wildlife found within the continent, the different village scenes from everyday chores, tragic events, calamities, and pulsating ceremonial feats. Over time, the paintings not only served as artistic expressions but also some form of tribal communication of secret codes.

African Textiles

Today African textiles are being collected as pieces of art In the past however they were made not only for fashion but also to satisfy and provide pleasure for the wearer.The types of fabric and their use differ depending on the region and country in which they are made. The Akan tribes of Ghana and Ivory Coast used silk to make fabrics for kings and high ranking officials. Other forms of fabrics used included cotton and raffiawhich were less expensive and readily available. 

Most jewelry in Morocco comes in high quality gold and silver. In the south, you can find some fabulous Berber necklaces and bracelets, very chunky and characterized by bold combinations of semiprecious (and sometimes plastic) stones and beads. MarrakechFesEssaouira and Ouarzazate have particularly good jewelry souks. For gold jewelry, Fes is 

Jewelry in Morocco

Pottery is colorful and often crudely made, however, the blue-and-white designs of Fes and the multicolored pots of Chefchaouen are very attractive. Morocco’s major pottery center is located in Safi and boasts several shops filled with colorful plates, tajines, and garden pots. Safi tajines are generally more decorative. These earthenware tajines can also be found in any major city souks in Marrakech, Fes, Casablanca, Meknes, Ouarzazate or Tangier. 

Wood and Pottery

Leather goods are of excellent quality in Morocco as they are hand dyed, most of natural vegetable dyes, sold in souks across the country and come in various shades of brown as well as hot pink, lime green, turquoise, ravishing reds, canary yellow and magenta. The classic item to purchase of leather in Morocco is babooshes (shoes) that are open at the heel, immensely comfortable, and produced in traditional yellow, white, red (for women) grey and black.

The best selection of leather goods can be found in Fes and Marrakesh.

Clothing, leather goods in Morocco 

The making of pottery in Africa began around the 7th millennium BC and continues to this day in the various regions of the continent.

 

In most cases, pottery was made by women. Clay was worked on entirely by hand and shaped and fashioned into the desired shape. In other cases, the women would pour the clay into a mould made of pottery, wood or a calabash. Clay pots were and still are being used to cook food, store water and for various other food preparation functions.

Clay Pots

Traditional wood carving and  sculptures are universally common in all parts of Africa. Common carvings  such as the ones depicting “The Great Five” (lion, buffalo, elephant, rhino, and leopard) are a good choice, no matter the size. Giraffes are an especially popular choice.

Hand-Carved Wooden Sculptures

For centuries African artists have used the tie dye technique to produce vivid fabrics for garments and home decor. Beginning with a base fabric, intricate patterns are deftly created by winding or tying string or small strips of grass to form a resist. After a cloth is fully tied it visits the dye bath where the tied areas form a resist against the new color. 

Tie Dye & Batik

African baskets are usually made of different materials like grass, vines, leaves, raffia, papyrus etc. The techniques used are often quite complex and are similar to the methods used in textile weaving. They are used for a variety of different purposes ranging from women carrying harvested crops from the fields, food from the market, goods for sale and also for storage.

Traditional Basket Weaving

A majority of the carpets in Morocco are from Berber villages and woven rather then knotted on old broad loams. Some of the finer rugs with Arab designs can be found in Fes and Rabat. Moroccan rugs or kellims are particularly famous for their rich yarns and lustrous colors created from henna, indigo, saffron, and other organic elements.

Moroccan Carpets

Africa - THE NEW INVESTMENT FRONTIER!

BUSINESS NEWS

Historically, Africa has been seen as a wild frontier for investors. However, today, the continent is brimming with investment potential. Violence and political strife has been replaced with strong economic growth in more than a few places. Africa features many attributes that put it on par with many other emerging market leaders like China and India. 

 

Africa is blessed with abundant natural resources. It's a massive continent, equivalent to the land masses of Europe, the United States, India, China and Argentina combined. That means lots of arable land as well as huge, untapped mineral reserves. Africa's borders hold nearly 40% of earth's total gold reserves and 30% of its mineral deposits. Additionally, the continent features vast amounts of oil and natural gas, which are just now beginning to be exploited in places like Mozambique and Nigeria. All of this vast natural resource wealth has begun to finally trickle down to Africa's residents, as well.

INVESTMENTS

STOCKS & BONDS

Sub-Saharan Africa has around 29 stock exchanges representing 38 countries including two regional exchanges. These exchanges have a lot of disparity in terms of their size and trading volume. The continent has a handful of prominent exchanges and many new and small exchanges which are characterized by small trading volumes and few listed stocks. Efforts are being put by all countries to boost their exchanges by improving investor education and confidence, access to funds and make the procedures more transparent and standardized. 

REAL ESTATE

Africa’s economies are currently growing at widely varying speeds, as falling commodity prices have led to a divergence between the growth rates of commodity-exporting and commodity-importing countries.
 

Africa’s strongest economies over the last two years have included commodity-importing East African countries such as Tanzania, Ethiopia, Kenya and Rwanda, while the West African economies of Côte d’Ivoire and Senegal have also emerged as star performers.
 

Rapid population growth and urbanization are key drivers of property market activity across Sub-Saharan Africa. Its population is growing at a faster rate than that of any other global region and its demographic profile is both young and increasingly urbanized.

TECHNOLOGY

Microsoft is collaborating with education ministries in countries like Cape Verde, Cote d’Ivoire, Rwanda and Kenya to provide technology in teaching and learning process. It recently added Mozambique to its list to modernize the learning process in the country. At the summit, the company used the opportunity to launch its African Microsoft 365 education Solution. The Microsoft will be in a position to improve creativity, enhance teamwork, and provide the simple and safe user experience. Africa’s classes are becoming more digital for instance in the recently held Innovation Africa Summit. Technology companies like Microsoft, IBM, HP, and Intel had a chance to showcase their digital classroom solutions in Maputo Mozambique which was attended by African education and technology stakeholders. Technology jobs for women are also on Africa on the rise 

sit back, relax & enjoy...

top attractions!

TANZANIA/ZANZIBAR

Tanzania is home to the tallest mountain in the world, Mt. Kilimanjaro but also offers wonderful big cat viewing (lion, leopard, and cheetah), especially in the renowned Serengeti National Park and Ngorongoro Crater.  Held on a high plateau between the volcanic crater of Ngorongoro in northern Tanzania and the Masai Mara Reserve, it is perhaps the quintessential African safari destination. Lions, cheetahs, and buffalo can be seen on the savanna in the south of the park, elephants, and giraffe in the woodland to the north, and huge Nile crocodiles and eagles in the swamps around the Grumeti River. Zanzibar, on the other hand, is the majestic spice island of the Indian Ocean.  Zanzibar is famous for white sand beaches and pristine environment which make the country a leader for ecotourism. There’s a myriad of activities you could indulge in and being an island, beach sports feature strongly. Windsurfing (including kite surfing), snorkeling, dhow cruises, kayaking, parasailing, and stand up paddle boarding can be enjoyed all the year round.

The main wildlife highlight in Tanzania is the annual wildebeest and zebra migration which can be seen in the Serengeti year round. The herds tend to settle on the short grass plains of the southern Serengeti in December after the November short rains have created fresh grass and filled seasonal drinking spots. The wildebeest calves in late January/early February on the open plains. Between late April and June, they drift westwards and north through the central and western Serengeti, before arriving in the northern Serengeti in late July. Many wildebeest will spend August to October across the border in Kenya’s Masai Mara. In November the herds start to move south through the park to reach the southern plains. River crossings, when the herds ‘swim the gauntlet’ across the croc-filled Mara and Grumeti rivers, can be seen from June to early November. Other regions such as the Tarangire, Ruaha, and Katavi are also excellent for lion and leopard (cheetah are harder to find outside the Serengeti and Ngorongoro eco-system).

KENYA

The Great Migration is the main seasonal wildlife highlight in Kenya. An annual wildebeest migration of more than two million antelopes and zebra crosses the border from Tanzania’s Serengeti into neighboring Kenya. And while the Great Migration is truly staggering, safaris in the reserve are a breathtaking experience year round. The migration usually arrives in the Masai Mara in late July and stays until mid-late October. River crossings across the croc-filled Mara and Talek rivers when the herds ‘swim the gauntlet,’ are also big scenery during the great migration. Eland, the largest antelope, mix with the other giants – elephant, buffalo, hippo, and giraffe, usually under the gaze of the predator species – lion, leopard, cheetah, hyena, and crocodile.

While Kenya’s safaris are indeed the main attraction almost always associated with the country, it still has at least one more place to give a different perspective to all visitors: Lamu Island. Part of the Lamu Archipelago in Kenya, the island is home to one of the best preserved Swahili settlements in East Africa.

 

Civilization in the island is concentrated in Lamu Town, which is characterized by simple structural forms enriched with verandas, inner courtyards, and elaborate details on wooden doors. It is a cultural tourist destination sprinkled with lessons about their civilization and reminiscence of generations gone by. The old town of Lamu Island is said to be the oldest and the best preserved Swahili settlement in East Africa, where the Muslim call to prayer wafts through narrow winding alleys, past elaborate merchant houses and donkey carts and around an old port town almost as it did back in the eighth century.

MOROCCO

Morocco is often referred to as a cold country with a hot sun. The Best Time to visit on a Morocco Private Tour is spring and fall. Morocco's summers are exceptionally hot and winters can be chill to the bone. Morocco’s ranges of climates greatly fluctuate due to the country’s geographic location between Europe, Asia, and Africa. Morocco’s unique weather patterns make it possible to find an ideal area to take a Morocco Tour year round, however, recommended months to experience Morocco fall between October and May. On a trip to Morocco, Marrakech is a must. The culturally exciting and magical city is located in central Morocco, just two hours north of the High Atlas Mountains. Its closeness to the mountains and Sahara sand dunes make winters extremely cold and summers unbearable for the average traveler.  

Autumn and springtime are the chosen seasons to take advantage of the central region as temperatures fall in a blissful range of 68-75 degrees. Vacation in Tangier Morocco and discover this seaside city's rich history and culture. Tangier is the Moroccan port city. Sites like boasts Cape Spartel and the Caves of Hercules as two top Morocco Travel sites to visit. Casablanca or more affectionately known as Casa has a population of six million and is the largest city and port in Morocco. It's also the biggest city in the Maghreb and the sixth biggest city in the entire continent ofAfrica. Casablanca, the most famous name in Morocco Travel, is considered the economic capital of Morocco because it is the heart of Moroccan business. Rabat has a population 2 million, is the main university town and the capital of the Kingdom of Morocco. Fes is the fourth largest city in Morocco and also known as one of the ancient imperial cities). It is separated into three parts, Fès el Bali (the old, walled city), Fès -Jdid (new Fes, home of the Mellah), and the Ville Nouvelle (the French-created, newest section of Fes. The Medina of Fes el Bali is believed to be the largest contiguous car-free urban area in the world.
 

SOUTH AFRICA

South Africa lives up to its unofficial motto, A World in One Country with diversity of habitat, from harsh desert and high mountains to dense woodland and coastal fynbos, home to an enormous variety of natural wildlife; from the classic ‘big five’ (lion, leopard, elephant, rhino and buffalo) to colorful birds and ‘marine’ species such as African penguins, whales, dolphins, seals, turtles and sharks. The Big Five, a term originally used by hunters to describe the most difficult animals to kill is a popular term among safari experts.

 

 

South Africa is known for offering fantastic big-game viewing and various private reserves such as Sabi Sands, Timbavati, Madikwe, and Phinda are the best places in Africa to view the ‘big five’ in a short period of time. The animals are very habituated to vehicles, allowing superb photo opportunities. In particular, Sabi Sands is amazing for leopard viewing, whilst Timbavati is home to a lion population with a recessive gene, making it one of the few places in the world where you can see ‘white lions’ in the wild. The Lodges at Ulusaba and Shambala Private Game Reserve, you can get the Big Five–viewing experience without the crowds.

Kruger Park is South Africa's most exciting African safari destination. Steeped in legend and history, the iconic Kruger National Park in South Africa is waiting for you to explore its vast landscapes and spectacular African wildlife. The Kruger Park is an all year round destination, with each season bringing its own highlights. Whatever time you decide to safari in the Kruger National Park - you will not be disappointed.

Game viewing can be at its best during the dry winters months, however, the wet summer season brings full waterholes, lush bushveld, many newborn wildlife and the summer migrant birds arrive.

The Kruger Park has a hot, sub-tropical climate and most of the year it is hot during the day (above 25 ° C).

UGANDA

Uganda offers a spectacular site for gorilla tracking. Tracking mountain gorillas through the dense African forests is a magical experience. Typically, tracking can take from 3 to 8 hours and requires some agility and fitness; however, all fitness levels can be accommodated and no one should feel deterred from missing this once in a lifetime experience. Both Uganda and Rwanda offer some of the world’s best bird watching, with a vast diversity of bird species. Uganda has over 1,000 bird species with 150 found only in Uganda. 

UNESCO Heritage sites such as the Bwindi Impenetrable National Park located on the border of plain and mountain forests, the park in south-western Uganda is home to over 160 species of trees, over a hundred species of ferns, and various species of birds and butterflies. Many endangered species are within its boundaries as well, including the mountain gorilla.

 

The Rwenzori Mountains National Park, covering most of the Rwenzori Mountains, including Mount Margherita, Africa's third-highest peak, the park features glaciers, waterfalls, and lakes in an Alpine landscape. It also features various endangered species and unusual flora.

EGYPT

Egypt lives up to being the land of the Pharaohs and home to the Nile river.  Mystical and timeless, Egypt is the ancient civilization that still lives today making it one of the most spectacular destinations in the world. The Egyptian pyramids hardly need an introduction – they are the only surviving member of the ancient Seven Wonders of the World, and the most widely-recognised monuments in Africa.  The antiquity of these massive structures – the tombs of pharaohs - is simply mind-boggling:  the first of the great pyramids – the world’s earliest stone monument – was built at Saqqara in 2650 BC – more than 4,650 years ago!  Nearby the ancient capital Memphis was built around 3,100 BC, symbolically located at the spot where the Nile Delta meets the river valley, thus serving as a bridge, unifying the lands of Upper and Lower Egypt.  Today, it is a tiny village 24 km south of Cairo, and about 3 km from the most ancient of the pyramids at Saqqara. 

The magnificent monuments of Ancient Thebes stand proudly near the banks of the Nile around the modern city of Luxor in Upper Egypt, about 500 km south of Cairo.  They include the Temples of Luxor and Karnak within the city, and the Colossi of Memnon, the temples of Deir al-Bahri and Medinat Habu and the concealed tombs of the Valleys of the Kings and Queens on the west bank. 

 

Considered a cradle of civilisationAncient Egypt saw some of the earliest developments of writing, agriculture, urbanisation, organised religion and central government. Iconic monuments such as the Giza Necropolis and its Great Sphinx, as well the ruins of MemphisThebesKarnak, and the Valley of the Kings, reflect this legacy and remain a significant focus of scientific and popular interest. Egypt's long and rich cultural heritage is an integral part of its national identity, which has endured, and often assimilated, various foreign influences including GreekPersianRomanArabOttoman, and Nubian

ETHIOPIA

Hailed as the "cradle of humanity," Ethiopia boasts a human history that dates back millions of years. The Lower Valley of the Omo is in the remote southwest corner of Ethiopia, close to the border with Kenya, in the Great Rift Valley.  The site is of immense importance for its hominid fossils, which have contributed immeasurably to our understanding of human origins. These fossils include the remains of Homo gracilis and Australopithicines, as well as the earliest known bone fragments of Homo sapiens, dating from 195,000 years ago.  In addition there are rich beds of other mammal fossils. Ethiopia is also home to the mythical volcanoe Erta ale. Erta Ale is one of the four permanent lava lakes on the planet, located in the Danakil Depression (or Afar Depression) in the Afar Region of northeastern Ethiopia.

The fortified historic town of Harar is situated on a low plateau on the eastern flank of the Great Rift Valley, about 50 km south-east of Dire Dawe.  It is a walled Muslim city, said to be the fourth holiest city of Islam, with 82 mosques and 102 shrines dating back as far as the 10th century.  The city walls were completed in the 16th century, and it served as capital of the Harari Kingdom from 1520 to 1568, becoming an independent emirate in the 17th century. 

Today, the town is particularly noted for the architecture of its townhouses, packed within the city walls with 368 narrow alleyways providing access.  Its urban fabric combines traditional African and Islamic elements in a unique way, with the infusion of Indian immigrants at the end of the 19th century adding a further dimension to the architectural character of the town.

DR CONGO

The Democratic Republic of Congo is home to Mountain Gorillas in Africa. The country has both Lowland and Mountain Gorillas. Gorilla Trekking safaris in Congo are becoming popular worldwide. The country is safe and open to all International visitors. The critically endangered mountain gorillas are found in Virunga National Park, accessed from Kisoro town in South western Uganda. Kisoro town (Near by town to the Boarder) is 2-3 hour drive from Kigali in Rwanda, and 6-8 hours from kampala (Uganda’s Capital). Virunga National Park which is also a UNESCO Heritage site. This park is located in the eastern side of democratic Republic of Congo and boarders both Uganda and Rwanda. The park covers an area of 7800 km2 and is home to over 200 gorilla individuals mostly situated in the southern part of the park.

The mountain gorillas in Virunga national park can be visited anytime during the year, however some paths are hard to navigate during the wet seasons of (May/April and November & October), in this season, Congo gorilla trekking permits are reduced. Other months are okay for gorilla trekking since it’s a dry season. 

BOTSWANA

Botswana is home to a very wide range of wildlife, from the great herbivores and elusive predators to the smaller antelopes, colorful birds, reptiles and nocturnal species. The varied habitats of Botswana and the variety of different activities on offer allow visitors on safari to enjoy a very wide-ranging game-viewing experience. Big cat viewing is excellent, with lion and leopard prevalent through all regions, and cheetah thriving in the Okavango, Linyanti, central Kalahari and Tuli Block regions. Night drives are especially productive for leopard sightings, as well as some of the smaller cats such as serval and African wildcat.

 

Elephants favor the mopane and mixed woodland which stretches across much of northern Botswana and gather in huge numbers during the dry season when water sources are most limited. Boat cruises on the Chobe River are especially productive for elephant viewing and photography. In the Okavango Delta, elephant-back safaris and specialist ‘elephant interaction’ experiences are possible. Mashatu is also excellent for elephant.

Botswana is arguably the best country in Africa to see wild dogs in the wild. The Okavango Delta and Chobe National Park are home to several packs of wild dogs, though it is perhaps the Linyanti region where sightings are most regular. Chobe is situated within the vast Okavango Delta, where the Okavango River cuts into the Kalahari Desert and spreads out across the surrounding landscape, creating a unique array of eco-systems which are contained in this national park. Lush floodplains covered with thick woodland run into lagoon-dotted marshland, while a hot and dry grassy hinterland takes up the remaining space. A dense concentration of creatures inhabits this varied terrain, including over 50,000 elephants, zebra, eland, giraffes, cheetahs and brown hyena, running through it all is the brilliant blue of the Okavango River, a hub for the region's wildlife and a birdwatcher's paradise.

RWANDA

Rwanda is the land of a thousand hills. Rwanda has the most established sites for gorilla trekking and tracking, thanks to the Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund. Tracking mountain gorillas through the dense African forests is a magical experience. In September 1967, Dr. Dian Fossey established the Karisoke Research Center in Rwanda’s Virunga Mountains and set in motion one of the longest-running studies of any animal species anywhere in the world. The Fossey fund has  50 years of successful conservation work in saving gorillas based on a holistic model with four key parts: direct, daily protection of gorillas; scientific research on gorillas and their ecosystems; educating the next generation of scientists and conservationists in Africa; and helping local people with basic needs, so that communities can thrive and work together with the fund. The Ellen DeGeneres Wildlife Fund on the other hand, is to help build a permanent home for Dian Fossey's organization, the Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund, in Rwanda.  This campus will inspire and educate local communities and tourists, engage scientific and conservation trailblazers to share knowledge and provide a training ground for a new wave of African scientists committed to conservation.

Gorilla trekking is the most favorite activity in volcanoes national park attracting roughly 80 people, on a daily basis to have a face-to-face interaction with the endangered gorillas. Volcanoes national park has a total of 10 gorilla groups, which have been habituated. The experience of trekking each of gorilla groups is different from the other in terms of size, history and the location.

 

Volcanoes National Park, also track the fast moving golden monkeys, a face to face interaction with the wild chimpanzees, hike the Volcanoes, get yourself immersed in the culture and traditions of the Rwandan people.  Also, has over 700 bird species and is home to the second highest number of Albertine endemics in the Albertine region.

NAMIBIA

Namibia is predominantly a desert country and the range of wildlife that can be seen throughout much of the country reflects this. Species best adapted to the desert conditions include oryx, springbok, ostrich, bat-eared fox, black-backed jackal, meerkat and Hartmanns mountain zebra. Nocturnal species (only likely to be seen on night drives) can include shy creatures such as Brown hyaena, Cape fox, aardvark, aardwolf and caracal.

In the north-west of the country, in particular northern Damaraland and southern 

Kaokoland, desert elephant and desert rhino survive in surprisingly harsh conditions. Rhino are more limited in their range but ongoing conservation efforts are continually extending their protected habitat. It is possible to track black rhino on foot, a rewarding and potentially thrilling experience.

In Etosha National Park, a wide range of wildlife can be enjoyed. In particular, the floodlit waterhole at Okaukuejo Restcamp is very productive in the evenings, with many rhino visiting to drink in the dry season. Lion will also use the waterhole as an ‘ambush point’ during the height of the dry season when game has little choice but to drink there. The elephant are particularly large, and Etosha is also home to the rare black-faced Impala. At first glance, Etosha in Namibia looks an odd choice for a safari, especially during the bone-dry winter months when most travelers visit. Its primary feature is a vast salt pan shimmering in the bright sun, fringed by grasslands, camel thorn trees and waterholes. But these waterholes draw a breathtaking variety of wildlife, including some of Africa's biggest elephants, endangered black rhinos, zebra, wildebeest and antelope among many other species. Lions roam the surrounding grasslands and there's also a good chance of seeing cheetahs and leopards.

In the short summer rainy season, Etosha becomes a verdant oasis and a haven for birdlife, with flocks of flamingos drawn to the glimmering pools of algae. In Etosha, there is a vagrant blue crane population. The different regions offer very specific and individual birding opportunities.

ZAMBIA

Zambia is home to an abundance of wildlife, from the great herbivores and elusive predators to rarer antelopes, colorful birds and more unusual nocturnal species.

Whilst there are healthy lion populations in all major parks, it is fantastic leopard viewing that Zambia is best known for, especially in the South Luangwa and Lower Zambezi national parks. Cheetah can be found in Kafue, principally around the Busanga Plains, and in recent years wild dogs have been making a reasonable recovery throughout the major parks, but you should not ‘expect’ to see either species. South Luangwa hosted Africa's first walking safaris, which continue today and are an incredibly immersive way to experience the bush: smell the baked earth, hear trumpeting elephants and watch hard-working dung beetles as you in stroll this life-filled wilderness.

The mighty Zambezi Rivers of Zambia are home to a wide range of birds and huge populations of hippo and crocodile, whilst also attracting large numbers of buffalo and elephant. The wetland region of Bangweulu is home to vast numbers of black lechwe, whilst the Kafue lechwe is found in Lochinvar. Both regions have significant numbers of water birds, including Shoebill in Bangweulu. It is a raw, pristine, glorious wilderness, the private game reserve of the Zambian President until 1983 and so protected from the ravages of early unregulated tourism. It's a prettier area than South Luangwa, its landscape carpeted with thick grasslands and supporting leafy clusters of leadwoods, ebonies, acacias and figs. The valley's main predators are lions, leopards and spotted hyenas, while crocodiles lurk in the Zambezi's slow-moving water. 

 

Birding is superb in Zambia, with approximately 750 species recorded. Particular highlights include the rare shoebill found exclusively in the Bangweulu Swamps, the endemic Chaplin’s barbet, and Pels fishing owl, found in both Luangwa and Lower Zambezi national parks. 

SENEGAL

Senegal is known as the “Gateway to Africa" due to its location on the westernmost point of the continent and served by multiple air and maritime travel routes.  Also, the city Dakar,  is the most westerly point on mainland Africa, meaning it’s the last place on the continent to see sunrise and sunset. Senegal is one of the key economic hubs in West Africa and also one of the most stable. The Senegalese capital, Dakar, is a vibrant city famous for its nightlife, lively markets and rich musical culture. The country boasts one of the most varied music scenes in Africa. Mbalax, French jazz, American funk and hip-hop, and percussion-based genres all thrive in the country, and Senegal’s many musical exports include Youssou N’Dour, Baba Maal, Daara J and Akon. In what is probably one of the world’s most original recycling projects, the seafood-loving Senegalese have made an island out of millions of mollusk shells. Houses, pathways and even graveyards on Fadiouth are made from seashells, which crunch under your feet wherever you walk.

Senegal was used as a filming location for the seminal surf movie, The Endless Summer, Senegal is claiming the top spot as one of the best places to g surfing in Africa.   N’gor Island Surf Camp, an Endless Summer-styled retreat attracts surfers from all corners of life. Birdwatchers flock to the shores of Senegal, in particular, the Unesco Heritage site,  Saloum Delta, which is one of the best places to go twitching in the country. “On a sailing trip across the delta, I watched fish leap out the water, their scales shimmering in the setting sun,” recalled Telegraph Travel’s Gavin Haines, who visited recently. “This was a dangerous game: Goliath herons, kingfishers, pink-backed pelicans and myriad other birds were waiting hungrily above the water to pick them off.”

THE GAMBIA

The Gambia is well known as the "smiling coast of Africa," simply because of her friendly and hospitality towards people from all parts of the world and her beautiful prestine beaches. The River Gambia is a major tourist attraction and a dominant feature running through the heart of the country. The Gambia coastline borders the Atlantic Ocean. The Gambia provides some spectacular opportunities for birdwatching. With over 540 species and everything in relatively close proximity, you don’t have to travel far to see some fascinating birdlife; you’ll even find a whole host of exotic species in your hotel gardens. "The Gambia remains a top birding destination. Easily accessible, affordable and packed with a range of exciting species, it’s a great place to get an introduction to African birds or snap some super photographs. The guides are brilliant, the people are friendly, the hotels and food are good and the sun shines. That’s why I go back for more every year!" saya Chris Packham, BBC Presenter.

Since the early 1990s, the growing popularity for recreational fishing has now made The Gambia one of the most sought after fishing holiday destinations in the world. The Gambian beaches play host to the Masterline International Beach Fishing Festival every year and for good reason, the surf casting is excellent during the period from October through to May and beach fishermen can expect to take Large Guitarfish, Stingrays, Captain fish, Jack Crevalle, Cassava, Groupers and many more. 

 

The Gambia's  climate is a sub-tropical climate with two variations of distinct dry and rainy seasons. The dry season generally starts in October and ends around mid-June each year. The best time of the year to go on holiday to Gambia is between early November to early April, when the beaches are a lot more pleasant for sunbathing.

MOZAMBIQUE

The pearl of the Indian Ocean, Mozambique boasts 2 500 km (1 550 miles) of pristine beachfront on the mainland, with a string of beautiful and idyllic tropical islands, glittering like jewels in the warm, azure waters of the Indian Ocean.

Soft, white sand beaches lined with coconut palms stretch as far as the eye can see. Mozambique has remained an exclusive destination as many of its islands and mainland beaches are isolated and secluded, offering travellers the ultimate escape. There are no golf courses or shopping malls here, but the unspoiled natural beauty and rich marine life has pushed the country to the top of the list for honeymooners, scuba divers and water sport fanatics. Azure waters, bountiful marine life and idyllic accommodation await those visiting the five islands that make up Mozambique’s Bazaruto Archipelago. Declared a National Park in 1971, the islands include Santa Carolina, Bangué, Benguerra Island, Magaruque, and Bazaruto. The waters that lap the archipelago are filled to the brim with an array of reef fish, sea turtles and game fish. An assortment of endangered marine life have also been documented here such as whale sharks, manta rays, leatherback turtles, humpback whales and the very rare dugong.

The magnificent Quirimbas National Park offers nature lovers the opportunity to explore a vast expanse of enchanted forest. The Quirimbas boast enormous cultural and historical value. The islands represent a melting-pot of Portuguese, Arabian and African influences, while historic landmarks such as the old fort on Ibo Island tell tales of slavery, pirates and the ominous ivory trade. 

 

A pleasant time to visit Mozambique is between May and October. This is the winter, when days are dry, sunny and not too hot – daytime temperatures reach 28ºC (82ºF). The rainy season occurs in summer, when temperatures can rise to 35ºC (95º).

MADAGASCAR

From the Northeast to the East coast of the red island, go on a 4×4 raid to discover the “Magic Triangle” of Madagascar. If you are into adventure and learning about species that you will never find anywhere else, Madagascar is your island break. Start your tour tasting seafood on the idyllic beaches of Nosy Be, then go fishing in the deep waters off the Emerald Sea, to finally finish your tour by discovering a plantation of vanilla from Madagascar, cocoa, and tropical fruits in the region of SAVA. You will meet adventure and fine cuisine at every step of your trip.

The fauna and flora of Madagascar are considered by every scientist as being a nature sanctuary as well as the cradle of endemic species of the island. There are unique species such as seven different types of baobabs, 19,000 plant species, and more than 100,000 of species of fauna.  Some have attributed this uniqueness to its isolated location in the middle of the Indian Ocean. This bountiful and colorful journey awaits you. You will also enjoy meeting the emblematic species of Madagascar, Lemurs. Lemurs are a monkey species endemic to Madagascar. They are five families atypical monkey species found only on the “Great Island.” They can be found in National Parks, natural reserves, Tsimbazaza Zoo, or in their natural habitat, the rainforest. There are more than 100 species of lemurs and new species are still being discovered, such as the dwarf lemur of Ankarana.

MALI

Most of the tourists visit the “Golden Triangle” of Timbuktu–Djenné–Dogon Country (also known as “Cliff of Bandiagara–Land of the Dogon”), three World Heritage Sites classified by UNESCO between 1988 and 1989. Located 750 km to the northeast of Bamako, this large mountain range reaches 1155 m at its peak, Mount Hombori. Due to the high cliffs surrounding its summit plateau, Mount Hombori is home to unique unspoiled vegetation and fauna, which have been preserved from pasture and agriculture. With more than 150 species on only around 1.5 km2, Mount Hombori is a refuge for various plants requiring higher levels of rainfall such as the rare Gloriosa superba, Amorphophallus aphyllus and Bombax costatum, and those occurring only in rocky areas such as Enteropogon rupestris, Kalanchoe lanceolata and Lannea humilis (Kissling and Renaud, 2008). More specifically, Mount Hombori houses several plants considered useful or medicinal which are now rare in, or have completely disappeared from, the Hombori region (Kissling et al., 2005), thus representing a unique opportunity to conserve in vivo both those species and their associated knowledge. 

As one of the wonders of Africa, and one of the most unique religious buildings in the world, the Great Mosque of Djenné, in present-day Mali, is also the greatest achievement of Sudano-Sahelian architecture (Sudano-Sahelian refers to the Sudanian and Sahel grassland of West Africa). It is also the largest mud-built structure in the world. Djenné was founded between 800 and 1250 C.E., and it flourished as a great center of commerce, learning, and Islam, which had been practiced from the beginning of the 13th century. Soon thereafter, the Great Mosque became one of the most important buildings in town primarily because it became a political symbol for local residents and for colonial powers like the French who took control of Mali in 1892. Over the centuries, the Great Mosque has become the epicenter of the religious and cultural life of Mali, and the community of Djenné. It is also the site of a unique annual festival called the Crepissage de la Grand Mosquée (Plastering of the Great Mosque).

SEYCHELLES

The island also call “another world” which couldn’t be more true because once you landed in the country you know for sure you are in another world. Perhaps it could be the cool breeze from the Indian Ocean, or the immaculate white sands and welcoming clear blue water; whatever it is this spectacular country is also home to a vibrant diversity of cultures that will truly inspire you and fuel your imagination. If you wish to experience exotic and rare plant and animal life as well as stunning palm fringed beaches and clear turquoise waters and exotic marine life, Seychelles is truly a paradise island that should be on your bucket list. These are just some of the many factors that make this nation such a sought-after paradise for holidaymakers and investors alike. 

 Seychelles is a dream destination for all the newlyweds! Romantic Getaway, Luxury accommodations in the midst of unspoiled nature facing a clear blue sea, walking on long white sandy beaches with your lover watching while an amazing sunset this is why honeymoon in Seychelles are so popular. When it comes to seeking luxury, Seychelles islands Seychelles has a wealth of beautiful options. Whether you want white-glove service in the tropics or a Robinson Crusoe experience with expert catering, Just Seychelles knows where to find it. Set like rare jewels in sparkling topaz seas, the islands of the Seychelles make up one of the world’s most precious natural wonders. Prince William and Kate Middleton spent their honeymoon on the Seychelles islands.

COMOROS

Located at the northern entrance of the Mozambique Channel, between the eastern shore of the continent and the island of south east, Comoros island is a four major island volcanic and perfume archipelago. The northwestern most and largest island of the four is Grande Comore (Ngazidja), then Mohéli (Mwali), Anjouan (Nzwani), and southeastern most Mayotte (Maore). Mayotte, however, has never been administered by an independent Comoros government and continues to be administered by France. There are also several small islands. The capital city Moroni, is located at the western edge of the island of Grande Comore. The islands are volcanic in origin and their highest peak, Mt. Kartala at 2,360 meters (7,743 feet), is an active volcano located near the southern tip of the island of Grande Comore. In the center of Grande Comore lies a desert lava field. This beautiful island is an ecological and perfume paradise. If you want to have an enchanting experience with beautiful coastlines, clear blue water, a sight of various ecological species and sweet scents of perfume that you will not find anywhere else, Comoros is your ideal destination.

Anjouan is called "the Perfume Island" because of the quality and quantity of the islands fragrant agricultural products which include ylang-ylang, jasmine, basil, cloves, vanilla, coffee and more. Like vanilla and cloves, ylang ylang is a potentially lucrative crop that is subject to volatile markets. The yellow flower has a strong, sweet fragrance which is used in perfumes, soaps and other toiletries.

 

The south of the island has more to offer tourists, this is where the southern slope of Mount Ntrigui is found, between Moya and Foumbani. The fauna and flora is rich and diverse in Pomoni including species such as aquatic plants and garlands forests where you will find the Livingstone fruit bats and lemurs, (check out the island o Madagascar for details on Lemurs).